1 Borg, Edwin P: The Maltese Farmhouse: CultureMalta website, San Gwann 2011

2 Hahs, David G.: Medieval Malta: abandoned villages, chapels and farmhouses. Florida State University 2010

3 Interview with Mrs Angela Camilleri, whose grandfather Costanzo Parnis and father Michael Parnis used the property up to circa 1970 (16 th August 2021).

4 Charles Savona Ventura: Acta Historiae Sancti Lazari Ordini (and mhoslj.weebly.com): Torri ta’ Lanzun: from farmhouse to Grand Chancellery of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem: 2016.

5 Fiorini, Stanley: San Giljan Mitt Sena Parrocca, 1991.

6 Fiorini, Stanley: “Id-Dejma, il-Mahras and the defence of the Maltese Islands in the late medieval and early modern times”, in Sacra Militia 2, 2003.

7 Vassallomalta.com: Maltese History & Heritage: Coastal Towers

8 Wikipaedia: Seismic Risk in Malta: edit 28.8.2021